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Inapoierea Cheii Nichita Stanescu Comentariu Literar

Inapoierea Cheii Nichita Stanescu Comentariu Literar

Inapoierea Cheii (The Return of the Key) is a poem by Nichita Stanescu, one of the most influential Romanian poets of the 20th century. The poem was published in 1968, in the collection 11 Elegii (11 Elegies), and it is considered one of Stanescu's masterpieces. In this article, we will analyze the poem and its literary significance.


The Poem

The poem consists of 14 stanzas, each with four lines, following a rhyme scheme of ABAB. The poem is written in the first person, as the speaker addresses a woman who has left him. The speaker uses the metaphor of a key to express his feelings of loss, longing, and hope. The key represents both the woman and the love that they shared, as well as the speaker's identity and creativity. The speaker says that he has returned the key to the woman, but he still keeps a copy of it in his heart. He hopes that one day, she will come back and open the door to their relationship again.

Here is the original poem in Romanian, followed by an English translation:

Îţi înapoiez cheia şi-ţi spun: "Ia-o, e-a ta!" Dar în sufletul meu mai păstrez o copie. Şi când noaptea se lasă şi tu dormi liniştită, eu deschid cu acea cheie uşa ta de lumină. Şi intru în camera ta şi te privesc dormind, şi-ţi sărut fruntea rece şi-ţi mângâi părul blond. Şi-ţi şoptesc la ureche cuvinte de iubire, şi-ţi spun: "Nu pleca, rămâi cu mine-n vis!" Dar tu nu mă auzi şi nu mă simţi aproape, şi eu ies din camera ta şi închid uşa după mine. Şi mă întorc la mine-n casă şi pun cheia la loc, şi adorm cu gândul la tine şi la ziua de mâine. Poate că atunci când te vei trezi şi vei privi la fereastră, vei vedea pe cer un curcubeu şi-o stea căzătoare. Şi vei face o urare şi vei spune: "Aş vrea să se întoarcă la mine cel ce mi-a dat cheia!" Şi atunci eu voi simţi că mi se deschide inima, şi voi alerga la tine cu cheia mea de rezervă. Şi-ţi voi spune: "Iată-mă! Am venit să-ţi împlinesc dorinţa! Ia cheia mea şi deschide-mi uşa, să intru în viaţa ta!" I return the key to you and I say: "Take it, it's yours!" But in my soul I keep a copy. And when night falls and you sleep peacefully, I open with that key your door of light. And I enter your room and I watch you sleeping, and I kiss your cold forehead and I caress your blond hair. And I whisper in your ear words of love, and I say: "Don't leave, stay with me in dream!" But you don't hear me and you don't feel me close, and I leave your room and I close the door behind me. And I return to my house and I put the key back, and I fall asleep thinking of you and of tomorrow. Maybe then when you wake up and you look at the window, you will see a rainbow in the sky and a shooting star. And you will make a wish and you will say: "I want to come back to me the one who gave me the key!" And then I will feel that my heart opens up, and I will run to you with my spare key. And I will say: "Here I am! I came to fulfill your wish! Take my key and open the door for me, to enter your life!"

The Analysis

The poem is a lyrical expression of the speaker's love for the woman who has left him, as well as his hope that she will return. The poem uses several poetic devices, such as metaphor, repetition, imagery, and rhyme, to create a musical and emotional effect.

  • The key is the main metaphor of the poem, symbolizing the speaker's love, identity, and creativity. The key also represents the woman, as she is the one who can unlock the speaker's heart and happiness. The speaker says that he has returned the key to the woman, but he still keeps a copy of it in his soul. This shows that he respects her decision to leave, but he also cannot forget her or let her go completely. He hopes that she will come back and use the key to open the door to their relationship again.

  • The repetition of the phrase "I return the key to you" in the first and last stanzas creates a circular structure, suggesting that the speaker's feelings have not changed over time. He still loves the woman and wants her back. The repetition also emphasizes the importance of the key as a symbol of their bond.

  • The imagery of light and darkness contrasts the speaker's loneliness and despair with his hope and joy. He opens the door of light to enter the woman's room at night, implying that she is his source of illumination and warmth. He also sees a rainbow and a shooting star in the sky, which are signs of hope and beauty. However, he also closes the door behind him and returns to his dark house, indicating that he is still separated from her and living in sorrow.

  • The rhyme scheme of ABAB creates a musical and harmonious effect, reflecting the speaker's poetic talent and his desire for harmony with the woman. The rhyme also adds to the emotional intensity of the poem, as each stanza ends with a strong sound that echoes the speaker's feelings.

The Significance

The poem is significant for several reasons. First, it showcases Nichita Stanescu's poetic style and vision, which combine modernism and lyricism, realism and surrealism, simplicity and complexity. Stanescu is widely regarded as one of the greatest Romanian poets of all time, and his poems have been translated into many languages. He was also nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1980.

Second, the poem reflects Stanescu's personal life and experiences, as he was married three times and had several affairs. He was known for his passionate and tumultuous love life, which inspired many of his poems. He also suffered from alcoholism and depression, which affected his health and creativity. He died in 1983, at the age of 50.

Third, the poem expresses universal themes and emotions that resonate with many readers. The poem explores the feelings of love, loss, longing, hope, and despair that are common to human experience. The poem also appeals to the imagination and the senses, creating vivid images and sounds that captivate the reader.

The Conclusion

In conclusion, Inapoierea Cheii Nichita Stanescu Comentariu Literar is a poem that reveals Nichita Stanescu's poetic genius and personal drama. The poem uses a key as a metaphor for love and identity, and employs various poetic devices to create a musical and emotional effect. The poem is significant for its literary value, its biographical relevance, and its universal appeal.

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